THE INFORMATION SYSTEM AND SPEECH ACTS PROCESS OF TORAJA OF MAMASA IN THE MARRIAGE PROPOSAL IN KOLAKA DISTRICT
Marriage proposal process of Torajanese of Mamasa is a kind of culture product in social custom and brought some communication acts, such as speech acts, norms, and social custom values upon it. Started from ma’bisik, mangusik, ma’pasule kada until ma’randang process were run by social custom system in communities of Toraja Mamasa in Kolaka district. And also, that the all of process were planned and done by adult named to matua verbally and symbolically. There was interesting thing of the process, that the communication system to be done associatively, bear several art and ethic values. The scope of the research focused on the manner of meaning semantically, pragmatically, and ethics that formed in communication custom system in the process of marriage proposal, instead that the research need to explain the all the process of marriage proposal step by step orderly. The methodology of the research the writer used Ethnological approach, and also used two kinds of source of the data, primary and secondary data and describe them in descriptive qualitative one.
Keywords: Custom value, manner of meaning, information system, and speech acts.
THE INFORMATION SYSTEM AND SPEECH ACTS PROCESS
Reviewer Form JEE
Indeed, this article focus on one of speech of Malcolm X related to political thought and idea that how to throw away the prejudice and racial discrimination of white people, so whites could live as equal as black in the United States. Malcolm mentioned that under the control of white hegemony, and also because black people had not given their liberation from whites, it was true if blacks legalized their actions (by necessary means) in getting their rights. They legalized whatever means to throw away the white racism for reaching their freedom, and whatever means will do in getting the goal. That’s the Malcolm, by necessary means come into the struggle for gaining black’s liberation, equality, and human justice in the United States. The final tendentious action of Malcolm is to come into political action; he tended to get the political ways rather than separation in solving the race problem in the United States. For Malcolm, integration and fight for getting the rights of vote was the moderate ways in gaining the black common humanity (freedom, equality, and human justice) because they were supported by the principles of Charter of the United Nation, the Universal Declaration of Human rights, and the Constitutional of the U.S.A. This article was conducted by interdisciplinary approaches; historical, sociological, political, biographical and literary approaching.
liberation, separation, equal right, blacks nationalism, and human justice.
Pengabdian ini bertujuan untuk meningkatkan kemampuan tutor Bahasa Inggris Paket B di Kabupaten Kolaka dalam penyusunan desain pembelajaran Bahasa Inggris berbasis kearifan lokal Paket B. Hal ini dilakukan karena mencermati masalah yang umumnya dihadapi oleh Tutor Paket B di seluruh PKBP pelaksana Paket B di kabupaten Kolaka dalam pembelajaran Bahasa Inggris antara lain (1) tidak adanya kurikulum Bahasa Inggris Paket B yang baku di lingkup kabupaten Kolaka, (2) minimnya pengetahuan tutor Bahasa Inggris Paket B terhadap kurikulum, (3) rendahnya minat dan motivasi tutor Paket B mengajarkan Bahasa Inggris sebagai dampak dari tidak adanya kurikulum yang jelas, (4) rendahnya performa Bahasa Inggris paket B.
Pengabdian ini melipuiti empat tahapan kegiatan yaitu: (1) persiapan (sosialisasi ke kelompok mitra), (2) penentuan peserta sesuai kelompok, (3) pelatihan dan pendampingan, dan (4) partisipasi mitra. Adapun metode yang digunakan dalam pelatihan dan pendampingan ini meliputi : (1) metode partisipatif, (2) kelompok diskusi terarah (FGD) (3) pembagian kelompok kerja, (4) praktik dan latihan di kelas, dan (5) deskripsi kendala-kendala yang dihadapi dalam penerapan . Luaran yang dihasilkan adalah terciptanya satu model panduan pembelajaran Bahasa Inggris Paket B inovatif dan bermakna bagi peserta ajar Paket B.
Kata Kunci: penyusunan, model pembelajaran, Bahasa Inggris, Kearifan Lokal, Paket B, dan tutor Paket B.
IbM Kurikulum Paket BIbM Kurikulum Paket B
This article presumably considered as manifestation of real condition and racial protest under the discrimination in the United States. It was a phenomena that happened in the first and half of the twentieth century. Black civil right movement is a real form of the struggle in the era 1950s and 1960s. The resistance of African Americans represents black people‟s struggle in the segregated country of America. They come into the fighting for equality in every aspect of living, socially as well as politically. In 1960s more radical political leader viewed white society oppressive inhumanly made him to protest and preached separation and also transmitted a growing sense selfhood. This article was conducted by interdisciplinary approach; it has become the basic principles in American studies. In order to have significant history and society, so the approaches have been used are historical, sociological, political and literary approaches. This article applied descriptive qualitative research.
Keywords: separation, black movement, equal rights, human rights, and social justice.
Black American’s Dilemma and Black Movement in Nineteenth and Twentieth Century