This article presumably considered as manifestation of real condition and racial protest under the discrimination in the United States. It was a phenomena that happened in the first and half of the twentieth century. Black civil right movement is a real form of the struggle in the era 1950s and 1960s. The resistance of African Americans represents black people‟s struggle in the segregated country of America. They come into the fighting for equality in every aspect of living, socially as well as politically. In 1960s more radical political leader viewed white society oppressive inhumanly made him to protest and preached separation and also transmitted a growing sense selfhood. This article was conducted by interdisciplinary approach; it has become the basic principles in American studies. In order to have significant history and society, so the approaches have been used are historical, sociological, political and literary approaches. This article applied descriptive qualitative research.
Keywords: separation, black movement, equal rights, human rights, and social justice.
Black American’s Dilemma and Black Movement in Nineteenth and Twentieth Century