Monthly Archives: January 2018

The Effect of Total Physical Response Technique

The Effect of  Total Physical Response Technique

ABSTRACT

1Rosmini 2Andaz, Netty Husniati 3Riyani, Nasmah

    The purpose of this study is to describe the objective condition of  The Effect of Total Physical Response Technique is Vocabulary Achievement at First Grade of SMPN 1 Kolaka.. It includes the differences on the students’ vocabulary mastery learnt by using Total Physical Response Method compared to the students’ vocabulary mastery learnt by using Grammar Translation Method, and the students’ vocabulary achievement learnt by using Total Physical Response Technique.

The aim of the research is to gain the information about the effect of Total Physical Response Technique in teaching vocabulary, moreover, it is conducted to get the effective technique in teaching vocabulary at seventh grade of students of junior high School 1 Kolaka. The sample of the research was 27 students of the seventh year. This research was using an experimental method in the quantitative form by collecting data from the documentation, and test.

The data collected in this research were analyzed by using SPSS. According to the result of statistical calculation, the obtained value of the value of “rxy ”  from the df (29) on the degree of significance of 5% is 0.396. Comparing the with each value of the degree of significance, the researcher finds 64.59 > 52.61. So is higher than or >. Based on the result, the null hypothesis (H0) which says there was no significant influence of using Total Physical Response technique in teaching vocabulary is rejected. It means that the alternative hypothesis (H1) which says that there was the significant influence of using Total Physical Response Technique in teaching vocabulary is accepted.

Based on the finding of this study it can be concluded that using Total Physical Response in teaching vocabulary is quite a success by using TPR technique. It is not only effective to lead students to feel more interesting and enjoy doing activity in the class but also it can give the students the opportunities to be active in learning English vocabulary.

Keywords: Vocabulary, and Total Physical Response

 

An Analysis of Poetry Language Sutardji Calzoum Bachri

An Analysis of Poetry Language Sutardji Calzoum Bachri

ABSTRACT

1Musdalifa 2Alu, La 3Samsuddin

This research is based on Sutardji Calzoum Bachri’s poems that show unique things compared to poems written by other poets. This uniqueness lies in the sounds, syntax, and style of language used. The uniqueness of sound lies in consistent repetition, the uniqueness of poetical syntax lies in structuring the structures and sentence functions and the uniqueness of the language style lies in the repetition that gives rise to magical effects such as mantras. The problem studied in this research is “How is the Poetry Language of Sutardji Calzoum Bachri?” This study aims to describe the language of Sutardji Calzoum Bachri poetry. The expected benefits of this study are (a) theoretically, this research is useful for the development of literary theory, especially poetry, sound, syntax, and language. (b) It is practically useful (1) Researchers and readers can obtain an in-depth description of the Sutardji Calzoum Bachri poem language. (2) Referral sources for further researchers and as a reference source of Indonesian language and literature learning materials especially poetry learning. The method used in this research is the descriptive qualitative method with the type of literature research. Sources of data in this study is a collection of poems by Sutardji Calzoum Bachri, namely O, Amuk and Ax. The data are texts (arrays and stanzas) of poetry JADI, SEPISAUPI, TAPI, SHANG-HAI, and HILANG (KETEMU) containing elements (1) Sound, (2) Syntax, and (3) Linguistic style. The results of the study show that (1) Sutardji’s poems Calzoum Bachri utilizes repetition of sounds to achieve certain aesthetic qualities, (2) poetical syntax constructed by elements, such as (a) subject, predicate, and object / complement, description, (b) ) predicate, description, (c) predicate, object, (d) predicate, subject, and (e) predicate. (3) The language style of reps. The language style poet used in poetry is the repetition found in elements, words, phrases and sentences that build poetry.

 

Improving the Students’ Reading Comprehension through Extensive Reading Strategy at the Second Grade of SMPN 3 Kolaka

Improving the Students’ Reading Comprehension through Extensive Reading Strategy at the Second Grade of SMPN 3 Kolaka

ABSTRACT

1Rosni 2Kadaruddin 3Karman

This study was designed to improve the students’ reading comprehension through extensive reading strategies at the second grade of SMPN 3 Kolaka. The problem of this study was “ how can extensive reading improve the students’ reading comprehension at the second grade of SMPN 3 Kolaka”,  The objective of the study was to find out can extensive reading improve the students’ reading comprehension at the second grade of SMPN 3 Kolaka. The significance of the study was to get a good result of the students’ reading comprehension, and also to be information to the English teacher in improving learning and teaching process. The scope of the study was focused at the using extensive reading strategies to improve the students’ Reading Comprehension at the second grade of SMPN 3 Kolaka, beside that the genre of the text was used as the material is Narrative text.

The design of the study was collaborative Classroom Action Research (CAR). It means that when implementing the study, the writer collaborated with one of the English teachers of SMPN 3 Kolaka. The subject of the study was the students of the second grade (VIII) of SMPN 3 Kolaka in the academic year of 2015/2016. The researcher conducted the study in tow cycle which consisted of preliminary study, planning, implementing, observing, data analyzing and reflecting. The data of the study were obtained from the result reading test and from observation sheet, which was taken during the implementation of the action.

In the form of the process, the students’ attitudes improved from cycle to cycle as reflected from the result of observation. The students were actively involved in the teaching-learning process. It could be proved the result of observation sheet for students. In the first cycle, the student average score was 2 means poor. It improved to be 4 means good in the second cycle.

Meanwhile, in the formed product, the improvement could be seen from the result of reading test. In the first cycle, the students’ average value was, the improvement could be seen from the result of reading test. In the first cycle the students’ average value was 62.61 in other words 9 of 21 students (42%) in the second cycle it was 79.85 or 17 of 21 students (80%).

The conclusion of the students in the teaching English in reading through extensive reading strategies can improve the students’ reading comprehension especially in reading the narrative text. Both the students and the teacher were active in process teaching and learning for student did regular practice to read by extensive reading strategies.

Keyword: Improve, Reading, Comprehension, Extensive Strategies

Improving the Students’ Reading Comprehension by Using Contextual Guessing Technique at the Second Year of SMP Negeri 1 Wundulako

Improving the Students’ Reading Comprehension by Using Contextual Guessing Technique at the Second Year of SMP Negeri 1 Wundulako

ABSTRACT

1Risnawati 2Kadaruddin 3Karman

This thesis was designed to improve the students’ reading comprehension by using contextual guessing technique of SMP Negeri 1 Wundulako. The question of the study was “How Contextual Guessing Technique can improve the students’ reading comprehension at the second year of SMP Negeri 1 Wundulako?” The objective of the study was “to improve the students’ reading comprehension at the second year of SMP Negeri 1 Wundulako by using Contextual Guessing Technique”. The design of this study was collaborative Classroom Action Research (CAR). It was intended to improve the students’ reading comprehension by using contextual guessing. This study was conducted from August 24th to September 17th, 2016 at the second year of SMP Negeri 1 Wundulako. Based on the result of this study, it could be concluded that contextual guessing technique could improve the students’ reading comprehension at the second year of SMP Negeri 1 Wundulako.

The improvement can be seen from two aspects, process and product. Firstly, it the form of product, the students’ average value was 61.34 in the first cycle, there were 12 of 26 students (46.16%) achieved the criteria for success. It improved to be 84.02 in the second cycle, there were 20 of 26 students (76.97%) achieved the criteria for success. It means the result had achieved the criteria of success that the students got the value greater than or equal 75. Secondly, in the form of the process, the students were actively involved in teaching and learning process. It can be seen from the result of the analysis of observation sheet in the first cycle was 2.27 and it improved to be 4.23 in the second cycle.

Keywords: Reading Comprehension, Contextual Guessing Technique, CAR.

 

Improving the Students’ Reading Comprehention trough Silent Reading at the Second Year of SMP Negeri 1 Baula

Improving the Students’ Reading Comprehention trough Silent Reading at the Second Year of SMP Negeri 1 Baula

ABSTRACT

1Susana, Selvi 2Udoki, Weizer 3Kadaruddin

This study was designed to improve the students’ Reading comprehension by Silent Reading at the second year of SMP Negeri 1 Baula. The problem of the study was”can Silent Reading improve the students’ reading comprehension at the second year of SMP Negeri 1 Baula?”. The objective of the study is to describe whether silent reading can improve the students’ reading comprehension at the second year of SMP Negeri 1 Baula. The significance of the study is to improve students’ reading comprehension by silent reading, besides that is expected to give meaningful information to the teacher in teaching reading by silent reading, especially for English teacher at the second year of SMP Negeri 1 Baula. There are many kinds of media that we can be used in teaching reading, but in this study, the writer applied only silent reading.

The design of the study collaborated Classroom Action Research (CAR), the writer collaborated with one of the English teachers of SMP Negeri 1 Baula. The study was conducted at the second year students of SMP Negeri 1 Baula which was registered in 2013/2014 academic year. This study was conducted in the second cycle by following the procedure of classroom action research such as preliminary study, planning, implementing, observing, analysis and reflecting. The data were collected by using observation sheet and reading test assignment which took during the implementation of the action.

The result of this study also showed that silent reading could improve students’ ability in reading at the second year of SMP Negeri 1 Baula. It could be seen from the average score was 67.9 or 63% in the first cycle. This score increased 81.3 or 100% in the second cycle. It means that the criteria of success had achieved.

Keyword: Improving, Reading and Silent Reading.

 

Improving the Students’ Achievement on Vocabulary through Cartoon Film at the Second Year of SMP Negeri 3 Kolaka

Improving the Students’ Achievement on Vocabulary through Cartoon Film at the Second Year of SMP Negeri 3 Kolaka

ABSTRACT

1Patu, Serni Datu 2Sutikno 3Kadaruddin

    This research was designed to improve the students’ achievement on vocabulary through cartoon film at the second year of SMP Negeri 3 Kolaka. The research question of the research was “How is the improvement of the students’ achievement on vocabulary through cartoon film at the second year of SMP Negeri 3 Kolaka”. The objective of the research was to describe the students’ vocabulary improvement through cartoon film at the second year of SMP Negeri 3 Kolaka. The researcher expects that the result of this research was useful and helpful information for both English teacher and the students in improving their English vocabulary through cartoon film. This research was focused on improving the students’ achievement on vocabulary through cartoon film at the second year of SMP Negeri 3 Kolaka. The researcher has used Dora the Explorer film.

The design of the research was collaborative Classroom Action Research (CAR). It means that, when applying this research, researcher collaborated with one of the classroom English teachers of SMP Negeri 3 Kolaka. The subject if this research is the students of the second year of SMP Negeri 3 Kolaka, especially in class VIIIC. It consists of 21 students. This research was conducted in two cycles which consisted of preliminary research, planning, implementing, observing, analyzing, and reflecting.

The result of the study showed that cartoon film could improve the students’ vocabulary achievement. The improvement can be seen on two points of views, namely process and product.

In the forming process, the students’ attitudes improved from time to time reflected from the result of observation. It can be proved from the result of the observation sheet for students. In the first cycle students’ average score was 65%, it belongs to good and it improved 92,5% in the last meeting of cycle two.

In the form of product, the improvement can be examined from the result of the vocabulary test. In the first cycle students’ average 75,71 0r 71,42%. in another word, only fifteen of 21 students could achieve the criteria of success. It was 65. It improved become 91,66 or 100% students achieved the criteria for success in the second cycle. In another word, all the students could achieve the criteria for success.

Keyword: Improve Vocabulary, Achievement, and Cartoon Film.

 

The Effect of Write-Pair-Share Technique on the Students’ Reading Comprehension at the VIII Grade of SMP Negeri 1 Latambaga

The Effect of Write-Pair-Share Technique on the Students’ Reading Comprehension at the VIII Grade of SMP Negeri 1 Latambaga

ABSTRACK

1Astuti, Sri 2Andas, Netty Huzniaty 3Riyani, Nasmah

This research investigated the effect of Write-Pair-Share technique on the students’ reading comprehension at the VIII grade students of SMPN 1 Latambaga. This research applied Quasy experiment by applying control class and experiment class pre and post test. The population of this research were all of the students at the VIII Grade of SMPN 1 Latambaga. The sample was taken by using certain procedure and were as the samples were two classes, namely VIII-A as the experimental group and VIII-B the control group. The research designed the differences instruments for both of pre-test and post-test. The instrument is in the form of multiple-choice questions which are taken from some resources. The researcher used  two kind of statistic, they are descriptive statistic and inferential statistic.

The result shows that the students’ reading comprehension Inreferencetothedataanalysisofbothgroups,the researcher concludes that the students’ mean score in experimental class (Write-Pair-Share technique) is raised 30.83 point from 60.42 at pre test becomes 91.25 at post test. While, students’ mean score in control class (conventional technique class) only raises 5.68 point from 65.91 on pre-test becomes 70.68 at post test. This result proves the students’ reading comprehension who taught by using Write-Pair-Share technique has a significant difference with students’ reading comprehension who taught by using non-Write-Pair-Share technique. This result proves that the means scores of the students attending Write-Pair-Share instruction are higher than the means score of the students attending conventional instruction. Hence, the students’ reading comprehension in experimental class that is taught by using Write-Pair-Share technique has more significant effect than students’ reading comprehension in control class.

Keywords: Reading Comprehension, Write-Pair-Share Technique, Quasy Experiment.

 

 

Improving Students’ Reading Comprehension Through SQ3R technique at SMA 06 Bombana

Improving Students’ Reading Comprehension Through SQ3R technique at SMA 06 Bombana

ABSTRACT

1Rusdianto, Suhadi 2Karimuddin 3Hardiant, Ria Resky

This research was designed to improve Students’ Reading comprehension through SQ3R technique at SMA 06 Bombana. The research questions of this study was ‘’ how can SQ3r technique improve students’ reading comprehension at SMA 06 Bombana?

The design of this research was collaborative classroom action  research which was proceded by setting up planning, implementation, observing, analyzing and reflecting. This study was conducted in two cycles. Each cycle four meeting.

The data of this research  was obtained from the result of reading test and observation sheet. They were taken during implementation of the action. The finding of this research show SQ3R technique could improve the students reading comprehension. The improve  could be describe as follow : (1) the average score in the first cycle were 64 (46,6%)improve 82(93,3%) in the second cycle ( 2) the result of the result of observation sheets for students in the first cycle were in meeting one 3,60(low), two meeting 5,43(good) and meeting three 6,40 and cycle two improve 6,40 meeting one, 6,83 meeting two, 7,40 meeting three.

Finally, it is recommended for the English teachers apply SQ3R technique as on of the alternatives that could be used reading comprehension.

Key word : reading comprehension, CAR, and SQ3R

 

Student Ability of Class VII of SMP Negeri 05 East Poleang in Listening to the News

Student Ability of Class VII of SMP Negeri 05 East Poleang in Listening to the News

ABSTRACT

Rahmawati

This research is motivated by the thought that the development of information and technology opens huge opportunities for everyone, not to mention students to access information or news. With the ability to listen to news content, students are expected to more easily understand and pervade various kinds of news in various media. The problem in this research is how is the ability of the seventh-grade students of SMP Negeri 5 Napabalano in listening to the news content? The purpose of this research is to describe the ability of the seventh-grade students of SMP Negeri 05 Poleang Timur in listening to the news content. The method used in this research is the quantitative descriptive method, i.e. the researcher will describe objectively the results obtained by students in listening to the news content by using the figures in accordance with the statistical principles used in this study. This type of research belongs to field research. Researchers go directly to the study site to collect data according to the research problem. The sampling technique is to use the total sampling that is as much as 52 students consisting of two classes. The instrument used in this study is testing essay. To know the category of the ability to listen to the news content refers to the standard completeness of individual and classical learning used in SMP Negeri 05 East Poleang.

The result of research showed that 52 students (67, 31%) were able to listen to news content and 17 students (32, 69%) were unable to. It can be said that the ability of the seventh-grade students of SMP Negeri 05 East Poleang in listening to the news content has not been able to classically. It is said so because students who are able to individually only 67.31% (less than 85%).

Improving Student Ability of Class X.1 SMA Negeri 1 Latambaga Connecting Poems Content with Reality of Nature, Social Culture and Society through Method of Discussion with Picture Media

Improving Student Ability of Class X.1 SMA Negeri 1 Latambaga Connecting Poems Content with Reality of Nature, Social Culture and Society through Method of Discussion with Picture Media

ABSTRACT

1Nurfaida 2Alu, La 3Nasir, Agus

This research is motivated by the fact that speaking ability of grade X.1 students of SMA Negeri 1 Latambaga especially connect the contents of poetry with the reality of nature, social culture and society is not enough. Referring to the fact the authors are interested to conduct research ability of students of class X.1 SMA Negeri 1 Latambaga through the media images. The problem of this research is “How to improve the ability of students of class X.1 SMA Negeri 1 Latambaga connect the contents of poetry with the reality of nature, social culture and society through the method of discussion with the media images. The benefits of this research are to help students in overcoming difficulties in learning, especially connecting the contents of poetry with the reality of nature, social culture and society, motivating students to learn, and train students to speak with express opinions. This research includes classroom action research (PTK). Setting this research was conducted in SMA 1 Latambaga Kolakaasi District Kolaka Regency. The subjects of this study are students of class X.1 SMA Negeri 1 Latambaga academic year 2015/2016 which amounted to 30 people but who attend the PTK only amounted to 28 people, and 28 people can be used as data or sample research in order to obtain maximum results. The method used is the method of discussion. Factors studied were (1) student learning outcomes, (2) student factors. The procedure or research design is (1) Planning, (2) Action, (3) observation, (4) Reflection. The procedure of action in cycle I is planning, action, observation and reflection. Class action procedures in cycle II remain the same in cycle I that consists of planning, action, observation and reflection. The instrument of this research is the test and non-test. Non-toxic instruments used in this study were observation sheets, journals, interviews and documentation. The test technique is in the form of a command to students to analyze a poem and connect the contents of poetry with the reality of nature, social culture and society then presenting in front of the class with friends of his group. This research is first held pre-action then continue research of cycle I and cycle II. The results on Pre-action obtained with the average value of 65.10 then the value of cycle I obtained the average value of students with the results of the evaluation is 72.60 while at the stage of cycle II has increased and the result is 82.57. So it can be concluded that with the use of image media students’ class X.1 SMA Negeri 1 latambaga in connecting the contents of poetry with the reality of nature, social culture and society Kolakaasi District Kolaka Regency has increased, and this research has been successfully implemented.