An Analysis of Poetry Language Sutardji Calzoum Bachri
1Musdalifa 2Alu, La 3Samsuddin
This research is based on Sutardji Calzoum Bachri’s poems that show unique things compared to poems written by other poets. This uniqueness lies in the sounds, syntax, and style of language used. The uniqueness of sound lies in consistent repetition, the uniqueness of poetical syntax lies in structuring the structures and sentence functions and the uniqueness of the language style lies in the repetition that gives rise to magical effects such as mantras. The problem studied in this research is “How is the Poetry Language of Sutardji Calzoum Bachri?” This study aims to describe the language of Sutardji Calzoum Bachri poetry. The expected benefits of this study are (a) theoretically, this research is useful for the development of literary theory, especially poetry, sound, syntax, and language. (b) It is practically useful (1) Researchers and readers can obtain an in-depth description of the Sutardji Calzoum Bachri poem language. (2) Referral sources for further researchers and as a reference source of Indonesian language and literature learning materials especially poetry learning. The method used in this research is the descriptive qualitative method with the type of literature research. Sources of data in this study is a collection of poems by Sutardji Calzoum Bachri, namely O, Amuk and Ax. The data are texts (arrays and stanzas) of poetry JADI, SEPISAUPI, TAPI, SHANG-HAI, and HILANG (KETEMU) containing elements (1) Sound, (2) Syntax, and (3) Linguistic style. The results of the study show that (1) Sutardji’s poems Calzoum Bachri utilizes repetition of sounds to achieve certain aesthetic qualities, (2) poetical syntax constructed by elements, such as (a) subject, predicate, and object / complement, description, (b) ) predicate, description, (c) predicate, object, (d) predicate, subject, and (e) predicate. (3) The language style of reps. The language style poet used in poetry is the repetition found in elements, words, phrases and sentences that build poetry.