Improving the Students’ Reading Comprehension by Using Know-Want-Learn Technique at the Ninth Grade of SMPN 1 Kodeoha
The background of the research in this research is based on the phenomenon that student have difficulties in getting meanings of difficult words so that they has to use their dictionaries when they found words they did not know the meaning. To improve students’ ability in reading, the teacher needs a strategy by using Know-Want-Learn Technique. KWL is one of technique that can be used in teaching reading comprehension.
The researcher formulated a research question “How the Know-Want-Learn (KWL) technique can improve students’ reading comprehension at the ninth grade students of SMPN 1 Kodeoha in the academic year of 2016/2017? The objective of the research was aimed at improving students’ reading comprehension at the ninth grade students of SMPN 1 Kodeoha in the academic year of 2015/2016.
This research was a classroom action research. It was done through two cycles. In the research, the researcher collaborated with the English teachers. The data of this research were qualitative in nature supported by quantitative data. Qualitative data were obtained from the results of classroom observation. Quantitative data were obtained from post test results.
The researcher found that the students’ reading comprehension improved from first cycle to second cycle. In first cycle, the average score of the reading comprehension in text is 60.42 (42.30%) or 11 of 26 students who could reach the KKM. In second cycle, the average score of reading comprehension in narrative is 73.15 (84.61%) or 22 of 26 students could reach the KKM.
Based on the result above, the researcher concluded that Know-Want-Learn (KWL) technique can improve reading comprehension of the ninth grade students of SMPN 1 Kodeoha in academic year 2015/2016. For the teacher and the other researcher, KWL technique can be applied as an activity in teaching learning process step by step based on the students’ characteristic.
Keywords: Reading Comprehension and Know-Want-Learn Technique