The Role of the Village Head in the Implementation of the Development of the Village Bou, Lambandia Subdistrict, East Kolaka Regency
This research objective was to investigate the extent of the role of the village head in the implementation of village development in Bou Village, Lambandia District, Kolaka Timur District and factorswhich influence the implementation of development. This research used descriptive method with qualitative analysis. Data collection techniques carried out in this study were interview method and observation. The purposes of this study were to find out the role of the village head in the implementation of the development of Bou Village and to know the factors that influence the implementation of village development.
From the results of the study, it was found out that the role of the village head in the implementation of development in Bou Village, Lambandia Sub-district, East Kolaka Regency was suitable with the role of the village head, namely instructive, consultative, and delegative. Those could be seen on the way how the Village Head exercised his authority according to his function. The implementation of development covered guidance, coordinating, implementing and supervising suggestions. The community should participate in the implementation of development. In terms of factors that affect the implementation of development, there were two factors namely Internal factors and external factors. Internal factors were reflected in public awareness and level of education. The external factors were lack of financial capital and facilities and infrasctructures. To realize the village development, the village head must encourage the community to cooperate in the form of implementation of development so that the development goes according to what we want.
Keywords: Role, Development
The Role of Village Midwives in Improving Community Health in Totallang Village, Lasusua District, North Kolaka Regency
The purpose of this study was to determine the role of village midwives in improving community health in Totallang Village, Lasusua District, North Kolaka District.
The informants of this study were the Government of Totallang Village, the Village Midwives, the Family Welfare Movement Team (PKK) and the community at this village. The number of research informants was 10 people. This type of research was descriptive qualitative. The types of data used was primary data and secondary data with data collection techniques namely observation, interview, and documentation.
The results showed that the roles of village midwives in improving community health in Totallang village, Lasusua sub-district, North Kolaka regency were as follows : 1). Midwifery services which were carried out by village midwives were providing basic services related to midwifery, such as services at the time of delivery, baby health services, and socialization of community family planning programs. The aim of these midwifery services was to reduce maternal and child mortality; 2) The role of village midwives related to public health services were general health check up in the community, nutritious improvement and eradication of infectious diseases; 3) Activities included in health development and community empowerment were community counseling on healthy lifestyles, increasing utilization of health facilities and monitoring, evaluation and reporting; 4) Technical health guidance was carried out in terms of coaching for PKK cadres, coaching for posyandu cadres, coaching for dasawisma members and fostering working groups of environmental health.
THE CALCULATION OF EROSION RATE USING MEASURING STICK METHODAND USLE METHOD IN REKLAMATION LANDSBLOCK BULELENG PIT 4 PT. TEKNIK ALUM SERVICEBUNGKU PESISIR DISTRICT, MOROWALI REGENCY, CENTRAL SULAWESI PROVINCE
Mining system applied by PT. Teknik Alum Service was open cut mining which was done with a bench system. The application of benches started from top to bottom so that it was called open pit with “Open Cut Mine”.As a result of the mining process, certainly it has a lot of impacts. One of them is the potential for erosion on post-mining land although the land has been reclaimed. However, due to the process of growing the plant takes a long time, it is necessary to do control efforts in order to minimize the erosion. Factors affecting the erosion level at the study sites included 1 year maximum rainfall intensity of 31.66 mm / hr 90.39mm / day, 3434.09 mm / year, for 3 week rainfall 133,188 mm, 3ha area, erodibility of 0.12 , slope slope, crop management factor and erosion control factor.The amount of erosion that occurred in Bulelelng Block Pit 4 at PT.Teknik Alum Service was as follows. The erosion based on the calculation of USLE on rainfall was 1 year and 3 weeks, then total eroded soil erosion was 1 year erosion 39,93 ton / ha / year and erosion at 3 week rainfall was 1,19 ton / ha. from the direct calculation using the stick method, it was 1.10 tons / ha. To control the erosion, we used the vegetation means in which we should focus on the addition of core plants and cover crops or the cover crop planting in areas with high erosion rates, and for mechanical means we should focus on reducing the flow velocity to minimize (surface runoff ), by making the water catcher so that the speed of the water can also be reduced by minimizing the slope of the land.. Keywords: erosion, rainfall intensity, slope